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41 PRACTICAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT HYPERTENSION AND HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA - 2008

HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA PREVIOUS QUESTION  QUESTIONS

Soya

  • It contains isoflavonoids, which have the ability to act in the same way as estrogens. A diet rich in soya may significantly reduce the levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides as well as reduce the levels of HDL-cholesterol. However, food protein substitution for soya is not recommended.

Plant stanols and sterols

  • It seems that they reduce cholesterol absorption by the gut. They are found in fruits, vegetables, dried fruits and pulses. They may also be found in various commercial products (margarines, milk and yogurt) and dietary supplements. When the recommended doses are used they may reduce total and LDL-cholesterol levels. However, there is no proof yet that they can reduce the risk of cardiovascular incidents.

WRITING GROUP
G. Stergiou, Chairman
A. Achimastos
E. Andreadis
I. Avramopoulos
M. Elissaf
N. Karatzas
T. Mountokalakis
D. Papadogiannis
K. Siamopoulos
E. Varsamis
K. Vemmos
D. Vlahakos