EEMY Greek English
 

41 PRACTICAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT HYPERTENSION AND HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA - 2008

HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA PREVIOUS QUESTION  QUESTIONS  NEXT QUESTION
  • Body weight reduction in overweight people will reduce total cholesterol as well as triglycerides.
  • Lifestyle as well as dietary changes are also required and a balanced, healthy diet is recommended. Regular body exercise will be significantly helpful by reducing the "bad" LDL-cholesterol and increasing the "good" HDL-cholesterol.
  • You should limit the consumption of food rich in saturated fat, such as fatty meats (lamb, pork), ham, bacon, fatty cheese, butter, margarine, cream, full fat dairy products, fresh cream, avocado, dried fruits, and Bovril.
  • You should also limit the consumption of food rich in cholesterol such as egg yolk, butter, cream, entrails, lamb, shrimps, mussels, lobster, full fat dairy products and mayonnaise.
  • Your menu should include fat free or low fat dairy products (milk, yogurt), low fat cheese, pulses, granary bread and breadstuffs, as well as fruit and vegetables.
  • You should eat meat only after getting rid of its visible fat and you should also avoid fried food. Use sauces and dressings with the least possible fat.
  • Use only olive oil for cooking and even this in limited quantities.
  • Limit the use of alcohol.
  • The sum of daily calories should derive: 15% from proteins, 30% from fat, and the rest from carbohydrates (about 50%).
  • Your exercise should last 30 to 60 minutes most days of the week (and not less than 3). Try, if possible, jogging, cycling, swimming etc.
  • There is food enriched in plant sterols (milk, yogurt, margarine) that may reduce "bad" (LDL) cholesterol by 10%.

WRITING GROUP
G. Stergiou, Chairman
A. Achimastos
E. Andreadis
I. Avramopoulos
M. Elissaf
N. Karatzas
T. Mountokalakis
D. Papadogiannis
K. Siamopoulos
E. Varsamis
K. Vemmos
D. Vlahakos