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41 PRACTICAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT HYPERTENSION AND HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA - 2008

DIAGNOSIS OF HYPERTENSION PREVIOUS QUESTION  QUESTIONS  NEXT QUESTION
  • Hypertension in children and adolescents is more frequent than previously believed and it occurs in 1-2% of children, especially during adolescence. Unfortunately, due to the prevalence of obesity, the frequency of hypertension has increased during the last years. In children younger than 12 hypertension is usually caused by an underlying disease (see "What is the cause of hypertension?"). In children older than 12 what is called "primary" hypertension is more frequent. If a child is obese then he or she is highly likely to develop hypertension as well.
  • The levels of blood pressure required for the diagnosis of hypertension in children and adolescents vary according to age, gender and height. As in adults, to diagnose hypertension repeated measurements are required on each visit. For the correct measurement of blood pressure in children small cuffs must be used corresponding to the circumference of the arm.

WRITING GROUP
G. Stergiou, Chairman
A. Achimastos
E. Andreadis
I. Avramopoulos
M. Elissaf
N. Karatzas
T. Mountokalakis
D. Papadogiannis
K. Siamopoulos
E. Varsamis
K. Vemmos
D. Vlahakos