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41 PRACTICAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT HYPERTENSION AND HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA - 2008

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  • Hypertension significantly increases the risk of a stroke and a heart attack. In fact, hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for a stroke and one of the most important risk factors for a myocardial infarction.
  • Hypertension also increases the risk of heart failure, sudden death, kidney damage, obstruction of the arteries of the legs etc.
  • For every 20 mmHg elevation of the systolic pressure or 10 mmHg of the diastolic pressure the risk of death from a stroke or a heart attack doubles. For example, a systolic pressure of 150 mmHg doubles the risk of cardiovascular incidents compared to a systolic pressure of 130 mmHg. Similarly, a diastolic pressure of 90 mmHg doubles the risk compared to a diastolic pressure of 80 mmHg.

WRITING GROUP
G. Stergiou, Chairman
A. Achimastos
E. Andreadis
I. Avramopoulos
M. Elissaf
N. Karatzas
T. Mountokalakis
D. Papadogiannis
K. Siamopoulos
E. Varsamis
K. Vemmos
D. Vlahakos