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41 PRACTICAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT HYPERTENSION AND HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA - 2008

GENERAL INFORMATION PREVIOUS QUESTION  QUESTIONS  NEXT QUESTION
  • The majority of hypertensive people (95%) have "primary" hypertension. This means that its cause is unknown. It is mainly related to heredity (gene-related) as well as to some other factors like obesity, long-term high sodium intake, lack of physical activity etc. Usually it occurs at the age of 30 or later, but it may occur at all ages, even in childhood.
  • The majority of hypertensive people (95%) have "primary" hypertension. This means that its cause is unknown. It is mainly related to heredity (gene-related) as well as to some other factors like obesity, long-term high sodium intake, lack of physical activity etc. Usually it occurs at the age of 30 or later, but it may occur at all ages, even in childhood.
  • In the minority of cases (5%) hypertension is a manifestation of an underlying disease (secondary hypertension). If that disease is diagnosed and treated, hypertension can also be cured. The most common causes of secondary hypertension are chronic kidney disease, sleep apnea syndrome and renal artery stenosis. Other rare causes are primary hyperaldosteronism, pheochromocytoma, Cushing syndrome, coarctation of the aorta, etc.
  • Special laboratory tests for the identification of the cause of hypertension are needed in only a few cases. The patient's physician will decide which of these cases accord with established criteria.

WRITING GROUP
G. Stergiou, Chairman
A. Achimastos
E. Andreadis
I. Avramopoulos
M. Elissaf
N. Karatzas
T. Mountokalakis
D. Papadogiannis
K. Siamopoulos
E. Varsamis
K. Vemmos
D. Vlahakos